Piyush Chaturvedi

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Bhai Dooj or Bhaiya Dooj is a Hindu festival that is celebrated by all women by praying for the long life of their brothers and in return receive gifts. The festival is celebrated on the very last day of the 5 days long Diwali festival which is the second day of the bright fortnight or Shukla Paksha in the Hindu month of Kartik.

Legend has it that as per the Hindu mythology, after defeating the evil demon Narakasura, Lord Krishna paid a visit to his sister Subhadra who gave him a warm welcome with sweets and flowers. She applied tilaka on Krishna's forehead with affection. It is believed by some that this is the origin of the festival. However, Legend has it that on this particular day, Yama, the God of Death visited his sister, Yami. She put tilak on her brother Yama's forehead, garlanded him and fed him special dishes that she cooked herself. Since they were meeting each other after a long time, they dined together and talked to each other to their heart's content. They also exchanged gifts to each other and Yami had made the gift with her own hands. Yama then announced that whoever receives tilak from his sister on this particular day will enjoy long life and prosperity. Based on this, Bhai Dooj is also known as Yama Dwitiya.

Bhai Dooj is celebrated by the invitations of the brothers by the sisters for specially made scrumptious meals that include their most relished dishes. The ceremony is about the brother's responsibility to protect his sister along with the blessings of the sister. It is a very traditionally celebrated ceremony where the sisters ensure to perform aarti of their brothers and apply red tika on their forehead. The tika ceremony on the occasion of Bhai Dooj signifies the prayers of a sister for the long life and prosperous accumulation of her brother. In return, the brother gives gifts which may also be in form of monetary terms. In certain parts of India, women who do not have a brother worship, Lord Moon, instead. As a tradition, they apply Mehendi (henna) on their hands as a tradition. At different places, Bhai Dooj festival is celebrated in different ways. In Haryana, Bhai Phota is celebrated with high energy and fervour. There are numerous rituals conducted during the ceremony that also includes that grand feast for the brothers. On this particular day, the brothers visit their sister's home and the ceremony begins with an Aarti. A tradition is followed on Bhai Dooj where the coconuts are also worshipped and presented to the brother by the sister. The sister then goes on to apply tilak on her brother's forehead and feed him handmade tasty savouries. She also gives her brother blessings for a long and content life. As mentioned earlier, this is followed by the exchange of gifts between the brothers and sisters. This festival is quite similar to the festival of Raksha Bandhan. The festival of Bhai Dooj also gives a chance to family members and relatives to meet each other and spend some great time together till their heart is content.

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About Govardhan Puja

Celebrated on the fourth day of the Diwali celebrations, Govardhan Puja is one of the very important days in the Diwali celebrations. It is also known as 'Padwa' or 'Varshapratiprada' in some parts of the country. This day is mainly celebrated in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

History of Govardhan Puja

According to the Hindu epic and legend, the "Vishnu Puraan", the people of Gokul, Mathura used to worship Lord Indra for providing them with rains. They believed that it was him who blessed them with the rains for their welfare.

But Lord Krishna explained to them that it was mount Govardhan (a small hillock situated at Braj, near Mathura) who caused the rain and not Lord Indra, so the mount should be worshipped and not Lord Indra. So the people followed Lord Krishna and started worshipping mount Govardhan.

This made Lord Indra really furious and as a result of his anger of not being worshipped, the people of Gokul had to face heavy rains. Lord Krishna came to the people's rescue and after prayers and offerings to the mount Govardhan, he lifted it as an umbrella on the little finger of his right hand in order to provide shelter to the people. Lord Krishna was called Giridhari or Govardhandhari only after this event.

Govardhan Puja Celebration (Annakoot)

Govardhan is also known as 'Annakoot' which literally means 'Mountain of food'. It is a custom to prepare fifty six or one hundred and eight varieties of dishes to offer to Lord Krishna. This offering is referred to as 'Bhog'.

Especially in Mathura and Nathdwara, the deities in the temples are given a milk bath and are decorated with new shining clothes, dazzling gems such as diamonds, rubies and pearls. After which they are worshipped and offered the “bhog" which is arranged and presented in form of a mountain in front of the idols as per the customs.

Gudi Padwa

This day has a major significance in Hinduism. As per the customs and traditions, wives put 'Tilak' on the forehead of their husbands, garland them and pray for his long life. Also the husbands give a token of love (a gift) to their wives for their care, love and affection. There is a custom to invite newly married daughters with their husbands to feast and are presented with gifts and sweets.

Padwa

The day following 'Amavasya', which is the fourth day of the Diwali celebrations also marks the day when King Bali came out of the 'Patal lok' which is the nether land. Also this is the day when he would start ruling the 'Bhoo lok', which was given to him as a boon by Lord Vishnu. Hence this day is famously known as 'Bali Padyami'. . 

1

About Govardhan Puja

Celebrated on the fourth day of the Diwali celebrations, Govardhan Puja is one of the very important days in the Diwali celebrations. It is also known as 'Padwa' or 'Varshapratiprada' in some parts of the country. This day is mainly celebrated in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

History of Govardhan Puja

According to the Hindu epic and legend, the "Vishnu Puraan", the people of Gokul, Mathura used to worship Lord Indra for providing them with rains. They believed that it was him who blessed them with the rains for their welfare.

But Lord Krishna explained to them that it was mount Govardhan (a small hillock situated at Braj, near Mathura) who caused the rain and not Lord Indra, so the mount should be worshipped and not Lord Indra. So the people followed Lord Krishna and started worshipping mount Govardhan.

This made Lord Indra really furious and as a result of his anger of not being worshipped, the people of Gokul had to face heavy rains. Lord Krishna came to the people's rescue and after prayers and offerings to the mount Govardhan, he lifted it as an umbrella on the little finger of his right hand in order to provide shelter to the people. Lord Krishna was called Giridhari or Govardhandhari only after this event.

Govardhan Puja Celebration (Annakoot)

Govardhan is also known as 'Annakoot' which literally means 'Mountain of food'. It is a custom to prepare fifty six or one hundred and eight varieties of dishes to offer to Lord Krishna. This offering is referred to as 'Bhog'.

Especially in Mathura and Nathdwara, the deities in the temples are given a milk bath and are decorated with new shining clothes, dazzling gems such as diamonds, rubies and pearls. After which they are worshipped and offered the “bhog" which is arranged and presented in form of a mountain in front of the idols as per the customs.

Gudi Padwa

This day has a major significance in Hinduism. As per the customs and traditions, wives put 'Tilak' on the forehead of their husbands, garland them and pray for his long life. Also the husbands give a token of love (a gift) to their wives for their care, love and affection. There is a custom to invite newly married daughters with their husbands to feast and are presented with gifts and sweets.

Padwa

The day following 'Amavasya', which is the fourth day of the Diwali celebrations also marks the day when King Bali came out of the 'Patal lok' which is the nether land. Also this is the day when he would start ruling the 'Bhoo lok', which was given to him as a boon by Lord Vishnu. Hence this day is famously known as 'Bali Padyami'. . 

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This Diwali take your Family Selfie and post in this contest. You may win a surprise gift.

Wishing you all a very Happy Diwali !!!!

कार्तिक माह कृष्ण पक्ष की त्रयोदशी को धन्वंतरि देवता का जन्म हुआ था| इनका जन्म समुन्द्र मंथन से हुआ था| जब इनका जन्म हुआ तो यह अमृत कलश लेकर आए थे| जिसके लिए इतना भव्य समुद्र मंथन किया गया| इसी समुद्र मंथन से माँ लक्ष्मी जी का भी जन्म हुआ था| इसी धन्वंतरि के कारण इसका नाम धनतेरस पड़ा| धन्वंतरि देवो के वैद्य है इस कारण इसे इस दिन को आयुर्वेद दिवस भी कहा जाता है|

धनतेरस का मतलब होता है धन| कई लोग धनतेरस (Dhanteras) के दिन ही माँ लक्ष्मी कि पूजा करते है| जो लोग व्यपारी वर्ग के होते है उनके लिए यह दिन बहुत ही खास होता है| वह लोग घर में सोने चांदी के सिक्के घर लाते है इनको घर लाना बहुत शुभ माना जाता है| धनतेरस दिवाली के दो दिन पहले मनाया जाता है| इस दिन का बहुत महत्व माना जाता है| धन्वंतरि हाथ में कलश लेकर जन्मे थे| वह कलश महान अमृत का बर्तन था| इस दिन घरो में नए बर्तन खरीदने का भी चलन है| इस दिन चाँदी को या चांदी के बर्तनों को खरीदना शुभ माना जाता है| इस दिन इसके पीछे की मान्यता यह है की इस दिन धन की देवी की पूजा की जाती है| यह पूजा धन के उदेश्य के लिए की जाती है| कहते है धन देने से पहले मनुष्य को बुद्विमता का विकास करना चाहिए| इसके साथ ही अपने तन, मन को भी शीतल करना चाहिए| इस दिन चंद्रमा जो कि शीतलता का प्रतीक माना जाता है उसकी बनी धातु चांदी ख़रीदी जाती है|

इस लिए धनतेरस (Dhanteras) के दिन बर्तन और चांदी को खरीदना शुभ माना जाता है| इस प्रकार धनतेरस के दिन बर्तन ख़रीदने कि प्रथा प्रचलित है| इस दिन लोग नए वस्त्र खरीदते है| इस दिन नए वस्त्र, सिक्का, गहनों, उपहार, बर्तनों की खरीदारी करना भी बहुत शुभ माना जाता है| इस दिन धनवंतरी देव का जन्म हुआ इस लिए इनकी पूजा कि जाती है| इस दिन माँ लक्ष्मी कि भी पूजा कि जाती है और इसी दिन मुर्त्यु के देवता यमराज कि भी पूजा की जाती है| पूजा करते समय सात अनाज की भी पूजा की जाती है| सात अनाज में गेहू, उडद, मुंग, चना, चावल, जो, मसूर आदि| इनकी पूजा के साथ-साथ पूजन समग्री में विशेष रूप से स्वर्णपुष्पा के पुष्प से भगवती का पूजन करना शुभ माना जाता है|

इस दिन पूजा में भी भोग लगाने के लिए नेवेद्य के रूप में श्वेत रूप के मिस्ठान का उपयोग किया जाता है| इस दिन का धार्मिक और समाजिक दृष्टि से भी बहुत महत्व माना जाता है| इस बारे शासतो में भी कहा गया है कि जिन परिवारों में धनतेरस (Dhanteras) के दिन यमराज को निमित दीपदान किया जाता है वह पर अकाल मृत्यु नहीं होती| यह तक कि दिवाली कि सजावट भी आज के दिन से ही शुरू हो जाती है| इसी दिन से लोग अपने घरो को अच्छे से सजाते है रंगोली आदि बनाते है| शाम के समय लक्ष्मी जी का आवाहन भी आज से ही किया जाता है| इस दिन मिटटी को दूध में भिगो कर उसमे सेमर कि शाखा डालकर लगातार तीन बार अपने शरीर में फेरना और फिर कुमकुम लगाना भी बहुत शुभ माना जाता है| इसके उपरांत कार्तिक स्नान करके प्रदोष काल में घाट, गौशाला, कुआँ, घाट, मन्दिर आदि स्थानों पर जा कर दीपक जलाना चाहिए| सूर्य में चतुर्दशी और अमावस्या कि संध्या को जलती लकड़ी कि मिसाल से पितरो का मार्ग परषित करना चाहिए|इस दिन अपने घर कि सफाई जरूर करे| रूप और सुन्दर्यै कि प्राप्ति के लिए श्नान करने से पहले उबटन लगाए और फिर श्नान करे| कहा जाता है कि भगवान हनुमान जी का जन्म भी कार्तिक कृष्ण चतुर्दशी कि रात्रि में हुआ था इस लिए इस दिन को हनुमान जयंती भी मनाई जाती है|

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Diwali celebrations go on for five days and each day has its significance.

Dhanteras :

Diwali begins with the first day known as ‘Dhanteras’ or the worship of wealth. Goddess Lakshmi is worshipped on this day and there is a custom to purchase something precious. People clean and decorate their homes.

Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali :

The second day is Naraka Chaturdashi or Choti Diwali. People wake up early and apply aromatic oils on them before taking a bath. This is said to remove all sins and impurities. They wear new clothes, offer Puja and enjoy by lighting diyas and bursting few crackers.

Lakshmi Puja :

The third day is the main Diwali festival. Lakshmi Puja is performed on this day. Goddess Lakshmi is believed to enter homes and bless people with good fortune. Tiny oil diyas, candles and electric lights are placed around the house. Families exchange gifts and gather together to burst crackers.

Govardhan Puja or Padva :

The fourth day is Govardhan Puja or Padva. It is the day when Lord Krishna defeated Indra by lifting the huge Govardhan Mountain. People make a small hillock, usually of cow dung, symbolising Govardhan and worship it.

Bhai Dooj :

The fifth and last day is Bhai Dooj. On this day sisters invite their brothers for a lavish meal and perform a ‘tilak’ ceremony. Sisters pray for their brother’s long and happy life while the brothers give gifts to their sisters.

Dussehra or Vijayadashami is “The Day of Victory” that celebrates the victory of good over evil. It is the day when good vanquished evil.

Dussehra is also about the feminine goddess or the female divinity. Vijayadashami celebrates the Feminine Divinity which is the “Cosmic Energy” that protects and sustains life on the planet Earth.

Vijayadashami brings success and victory in our life. It is a cultural festival of great importance and significance for all Hindus.

Dussehra is the day that follows the nine days of Navratri.

After nine days of Navratri, the tenth and final day is Dussehra or Vijayadashami.

In fact, the nine days of Navratri represent the three fundamental qualities of human nature quantified as Tamas, Rajas, and Sattva.

Navratri festival’s first three days are of Tamas, where the Goddess takes an aggressive form, like Durga or Kali.

The next three days are related to Rajas, where the Goddess takes the gentle but materially oriented form, like Lakshmi.

The last three days are dedicated to Sattva, where the Goddess takes the form of Saraswati representing knowledge and enlightenment.

If you invest in any of the three “Gunas” (Tamas, Rajas, or Sattva), you will power your life in a certain way.

However, if you go beyond these qualities, you will be liberated from the cycle of life and death.

After Navratri, the tenth and final day is celebrated as Dussehra or Vijayadashami.

It means that you have been successful in conquering all these three qualities.

You saw and participated in every one of them, but you didn’t invest in any one of them.

You transcended and went beyond the usual three qualities. It essentially means that you won these three essential qualities of life.

This is what Dussehra or Vijayadashami is all about. Vijayadashami is the Day of Victory.

It reminds us that reverence and gratitude towards life lead to success and victory. Vijayadashami shows us that leading a life of reverence finally leads to success and well-being. It goes on to spread the message of the victory of good over evil.

As per the Hindu calendar, this spectacular festival of Vijayadashami is celebrated on the tenth day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Ashwin or Ashwayuja. This usually falls in September or October.

It culminates the nine-day fasting period of Sharad Navratri. The festival of Navratri continues for nine days and the tenth day is Dussehra.

Many of the Hindu festivals are related to the great epics of Ramayana or Mahabharata and Dussehra is one of the main ones.

According to Ramayana, there was a great battle between Lord Rama and the demon Ravana which lasted for ten days.

On the tenth day of the battle, Ravana was killed by Lord Rama which is celebrated as Dussehra. It personifies the triumph of virtue over immortality and spreads the message that good is always “Victorious.”

Ravana, who was king of Lanka, was a cruel and evil ruler. He was a demon by birth who abducted Mata Sita, the beloved wife of Lord Rama. Mata Sita was imprisoned in Lanka by Ravana who refused to release her in spite of repeated efforts by Lord Rama.

Finally, Lord Rama gathered a large army and went to Lanka to free Sita from the clutches of Ravana. He was assisted by Hanuman and Sugreeva who provided Him with a formidable and powerful army.

There was a fierce battle between Lord Rama and Ravana, and finally, Ravana was killed at the hands of Lord Rama.

This ended the evil rule of Ravana and Sita was freed from his bondage.

Hindu Festivals Calendar

Hindu calendar is also called as "Panchang" ("Panchanga" or "Panchangam") or "Panjika". it is the astrological calendar used by practicing Hindus. Many different variations of hindu calendar used in different parts of India. Some popular calendars are Kalnirnay, Biraja Panji, Bisuddhasiddhanta Panjika etc.Two popular types of astrological calculation methods are followed for calculating hindu calendar dates:

- Sūrya Siddhāntā (SS, Theory of the Sun) 

- Dṛk Siddhāntā (Empirical Theory)Hindu calendar is based on astrological calculations. It is a lunar calendar which is based on the positions of moon and sun. Five essentials elements of the hindu calendars are Tithi (Thithi), Nakshatra, Yoga, Karana, Paksha and Vaara. Hindu festivals are celebrated as per the Hindu Calendar or Panchang.

You can also share your knowledge, Let's share and spread awareness of the culture we are proud of and ensure it is passed on to the next generation well.

आपको ज्ञात होगा कि 8 -सितम्बर पर हिंदी दिवस 2019 के उपलक्ष्य में ब्रिगेड मेट्रोपोलिसमें एक काव्य संध्या "नवरस" का आयोजन किया गया था  | इस अवसर पर  ब्रिगेड मेट्रोपोलिस  निवासियों ने स्व-रचित और अन्य विख्यात कवियों की रचनाएँ प्रस्तुत कीं | यह playlist इन सभी प्रस्तुतियों का संकलन है | 

https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLEBFK4sp_ZgXXxaXKY4kdGwparhU73Fo5

Navratri 2019 Date: नवरात्रि हो रही है प्रारंभ, मां को प्रसन्न करने के लिए ऐसे करें पूजा

नवरात्रि 2019 का महा पर्व, साल में आने वाली 4 नवरात्रि में से इस नवरात्रि का खास महत्व माना जाता है। इन दिनों लोग देवी मां के नौ स्वरूपों की विधिवत पूजा करते हैं। कई लोग इन 9 दिन उपवास भी रखते हैं। और व्रत के आखिरी दिन कन्या पूजन कर व्रत खोला जाता है। नवरात्रि में मां की विशेष कृपा आप पर बनी रहे इसके लिए आप इन 9 दिनों में अलग-अलग नौ रंगों का चयन कर सकते हैं…

1. प्रतिपदा तिथि, 29 सितंबर 2019 (रविवार) – नवरात्रि के पहले दिन माता शैलपुत्री की पूजा का विधान है। इस दिन पीले रंग के कपड़े पहनना शुभ माना जाता है।

2. द्वितीया तिथि, 30 सितंबर 2019 (सोमवार)- नवरात्रि के दूसरे दिन मां ब्रह्मचारिणी की पूजा होती है। इस दिन हरा रंग पहनना शुभ माना जाता है। इसीलिए नवरात्रि के दूसरे दिन हरे रंग के कपड़े पहनें इससे आपको अपने कार्यों में सफलता मिलेगी।

3. तृतीया तिथि, 1 अक्टूबर 2019, (मंगलवार)-  नवरात्रि के तीसरे दिन मां चंद्रघंटा की पूजा अर्चना की जाती है इस दिन हल्का भूरा रंग पहनना शुभ होता है।

4. चतुर्थी तिथि, 2 अक्टूबर 2019 (बुधवार)- नवरात्रि के चौथे दिन संतरी (Orange) रंग के कपड़े पहनें। कूष्माण्डा (kushmanda) माता की पूजा इस दिन की जाती है।

5. पंचमी तिथि, 3 अक्टूबर 2019 (गुरुवार)- नवरात्रि के पांचवें दिन भक्तों की सारी इच्छाएं पूरी करने वाली स्कंदमाता (Skandmata) की पूजा की जाती है इस दिनव सफेद रंग पहनें। इन्हें मोक्ष के द्वार खोलने वाली माता कहा जाता है।

6. षष्ठी तिथि, 4 अक्टूबर 2019 (शुक्रवार)- नवरात्रि के छठे दिन मां कात्यायनी की पूजा होती है। इन माता का मनपसंद रंग है लाल। इस दिन माता की पूजा करते वक्त लाल रंग पहनें।

7. सप्तमी तिथि, 5 अक्टूबर 2019 (शनिवार)- नवरात्रि के सातवें दिन मां कालरात्रि (kalratri) की पूजा जाती है। इस दिन नीला रंग पहनना शुभ माना जाता है।

8. अष्टमी तिथि, 6 अक्टूबर 2019, (रविवार)- महागौरी की पूजा करते वक्त गुलाबी रंग पहनना शुभ होता है। इस दिन अष्टमी की पूजा और कन्या भोज करवाते इसी रंग को पहनें।

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From Rohit,Presenting our very own holi folk songs from the book - "Rang Jhar Barse Ri" , sung by my…
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